Munnar is located at the confluence of three mountain streams Mudra puzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. Munnar was the summer capital of the British in southern India, which was developed to cultivate tea plants by British although it was first discovered by Scottish planters. Munnar was the summer resort of the British government in South India. Munnar is also known as the Kashmir of Kerala. The first British who visits the area was the Duke of Wellington, in 1790 who migrated to Munnar and occupied the nearby places. There is much more about Munnar that simply cannot be put in words.
A British lawyer and tea planter leased close to 600 sq. km of land around Munnar, from the Poonjar chief, a subordinate of the Maharaja of Travancore, which was then covered with thick jungle. He then cleared the jungle for Tea plantations. Then in 1983 James Finlay Group sold their remaining share holdings and the company became known as Tata Tea Ltd., the largest integrated tea company in the world. This land was later known as Kanan Devan (Kannan Thevar) Concession Land. Later in 1895, Messrs Finlay Muir & Company bought Munro’s land and in 1976 Tata-Finlay Ltd. purchased it.
Neelakurinji (Strobilanthes kunthiana) is a shrub that used to grow abundantly in the shola grasslands of Western Ghats in India which is one of the main attractions of Munnar. The Nilgiris, which literally means the blue mountains, got its name from the purplish blue flowers of Neelakurinji that blossoms gregariously once in 12 years. Another attraction in Munnar is The Nilgiri Tahr. Now the area with all these attractions became a great sightseeing spot for the visitor, and every time more and more tourists flock in this popular place in the hills.
The region in and around Munnar varies in height from 26,562 ft to 8,530 ft above mean sea level. The temperature ranges between 10 °C and 0 °C in winter and 8 °C and 16 °C in summer. You can visit Munnar throughout the year. But best time to visit August to May. The weather is extremely cold during winter (November, December,and January).