BIODIVERSITY IN MUNNAR resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

The Western Ghats is a 1600 km long chain of mountain ranges along the Western side of India,  which is one among the  UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites and one of the ten ‘Hottest Biodiversity Hotspots’ in the world. Kerala is one of the major tourist destinations in the country with its silvery coast, serpentine backwaters, coconut grove swaying to the south-west wind and Western Ghats covered in aromatic spice ,tea plantation. Munnar  located at about 5,200 ft above the sea level and the windward portion of the Western Ghats, which has the widest width in this tract. Floristically, the tract is one of the richest areas in the country harbouring not less than 3800 species of angiosperms, which is 27% of flowering plants in the country. Among these 1272 species are endemic to southern Western Ghats. Munnar gets its name as the meeting point of three rivers. Similarly in Munnar , we see the mixture of three cultures – the British culture, the Malayalee culture and the culture of the migrant Tamilians .

Floral

The flora of Chinnar Sanctuary includes a stunning variety of flowering plants numbering upto 965 species. Rare medicinal plants, many of them endemic to the Western Ghats, can also be found in the sanctuary.   The Grasslands cover the plateau and descending slopes above 2000 m. More than three hundred species have been recorded from the grasslands, out of which 51 are endemic to the Montane Grasslands of the Western Ghats. The vegetation of the sanctuary falls under six categories.  They are Southern tropical thorn forest (Scrub jungle), Southern dry mixed deciduous forest (Dry deciduous forest), Southern moist mixed deciduous forest (Moist deciduous forest), Tropical riparian fringing forest (Riparian forest), and Southern montane wet temperate forest (Hill shola forest) and Southern montane wet grassland (Grasslands). The major grass species in this area are Andropogon lividus, Arundinella spp, Digitaria spp.  And Sehima nervosum. Numerous species of balsams  and ground orchids also beautify the grasslands. Munnar is well known for its vast expanse of the Neelakurinji, botanically termed as Strobilanthus kunthiana. that blooms once in every twelve years and covers the mountains of Munnar with a glorious blue carpet. The Tree Fern species (Cyathea nilgiriensis  and Cyathea crinita) are rare, endemic ferns in the shola forests. They give Munnar a feeling of the ‘fossil ecosystem’ of prehistoric time (Paleozoic Era).

Faunal  

The varied and numerous microclimates of the misty mountains behave as unique resort to many threatened and endemic species of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fishes and invertebrates. There are more than 49 species of mammals recorded from the Munnar hills. The Grizzled Giant Squirrel is found only in the riparian forest of the Chinnar Sanctuary. The rare Manjampatti White Bison, a gaur noted for its distinctive ash-grey color, is another special inhabitant spotted in the sanctuary. Other important mammals found are the rare Rusty Spotted Cat, Nilgiri Tahr, Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Gaur, Wild Boar, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Porcupine, Wild Dog, Common Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Jackal, Sloth Bear, Nilgiri Langur, Jungle Cat, Bison, Spotted Deer and Sambar.

Reptiles: The sanctuary is noted for the presence of a whopping 52 species of reptiles. Nilgiri Keelback (Amphiesma beddomei), an endemic snake species found only in the Nilgiris and Western Ghats is a rare inhabitant. Besides Echis carinatus, species belonging to different families like the Blind Snake group, Colubrid, Boas, Elapids and Viperids are found in the sanctuary.

Amphibians: Among the 15 species of amphibians, the Black Torrent frog (Micrixalus saxicola), a small frog species found in forest streams, is endemic to Kerala. Others include Ridged Toad (Bufo parietalis), Malabar Flying Frog (Rhacophorus malabaricus) and Night Frog (Nyctibatrachus genus); all endemic to the Western Ghats.

Fishes: The Chinnar and Pambar rivers which flow through the sanctuary are home to around 14 species of fishes, including Garra mullya, Barilius gatensis, Danio aequipinnatus, Tor khudree, Puntius carnaticus and Garra gotyla stenorhynchus and Barilius bandelisis.

Avian life: The sanctuary is home to a thriving avian life including Yellow Throated Bulbul. 225 species of birds have been spotted. 156 species of butterflies are also present. During the monsoon season, the sanctuary witnesses migration of butterflies.

 

For a perfect holiday in Munnar visit Mountain Trail Resort.

Ramakkalmedu resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

One of the popular wildlife destinations in Kerala, Ramakkalmedu is in eastern Idukki towards the border of Tamil Nadu and 40 km from Thekkady. It stands on the Western Ghats at an altitude around 3500 ft above the sea level. The origin of the name ‘Ramakkalmedu’ is quite interesting. ‘Rama-kal-medu’ means ‘Land of Rama’s stone’ or otherwise ‘the land where Lord Rama kept his leg’. As per legends, one story is that this is the place where Rama kept his feet, while in search of his beloved wife Sita. As per Hindu epic “Ramayana’ Sita was kidnapped by Ravana, the ruler of Lanka.
Ramakkalmedu

One major attraction hereis the statues of Kuruvan and Kurathi located at the top of the Ramakkalmedu hills. The statue depicts the Sangam Period and Sangam landscape of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It’s also an ideal place for paragliding and trekking. Bright sunshine and gusting winds gives every tourists a heavenly like feeling. Thousands of nature lovers and trekkers visit this place to feel the pleasant and bright environment.
The first wind energy farm in Ramakkelmedu was inaugurated in the year 2008 by then Chief Minister of Kerala, V S Achuthanandan. It is one of the windiest places in Asia and being so, one can also find here a wind farm generating electricity, which is an undertaking of the Government of Kerala. The sight of the massive wind mills is very exciting to the visitors. The farm was set up with private participation and now you can find around seven wind farm units here. You will find yourself as a very small creature in front of this huge structure of wind mills. Other attractions in-and-around Ramakalmedu include places like frog rock, turtle rock .Best season to visit Ramakkalmedu is from September to May. Rainy season can be avoided.

ramakkalmedu
On the way to Ramakalmedu, travellers can enjoy the vast stretches of plantations that include rubber, tea, cardamom, coffee, pepper and the beautiful hills of Kuttikkaanam. The destination is around 36 km from Kumily. You can hire a taxi from Kumily to reach this place. The nearest railway station is Chenganashery (90 km) and nearest airport is Madurai (145 km).

Munnar Tea Museum resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

Tea Museum in Munnar

The Munnar Tea Museum is an industry and history museum situated in Munnar, a town in the Idukki district of Kerala in South India. Tata Tea Museum is its official name, but it’s also known as Nalluthanni Estate where it is located, or Kannan Devan Tea Museum.

Munnar is perhaps the choicest of places to preserve and showcase some of the exquisite and interesting aspects on the genesis and growth of tea plantations in Kerala’s high ranges. With special emphasis to Munnar, and to the delight of tea lovers and tourists, Tata Tea recently opened a Tea Museum which houses curious, photographs and machineries, each depicting a turning point that contributed to a flourishing tea industry, as seen today in the region.

The tea estate is owned by Kanan Devan Hills Plantations Company (P) Ltd. (KDHP) – the plantation dates back to the 1880s. The museum opened on 1 April 2005. The tea museum preserves the aspects on the genesis and growth of tea plantations in Kerala’s mountain region in the Idukki district on the Western Ghats at the boarder to the Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu. Tata Tea opened the museum which houses curiosities, photographs and machineries, depicting a turning point that contributed to Idukki’s flourishing tea industry.

Set up at the Nallathanni Estate, the museum is a tribute to its pioneers who transformed Munnar into a major tea plantation centre of Kerala, from the rudimentary tea roller from 1905 to a fully automated tea factory. Visitors and tea lovers can see various stages of the tea processing – Crush, tear, curl – and learn about the production of Kerala black tea variants. The power generation plant of the estate dates back to 1920s; a rail engine wheel of the Kundala Valley Railway that shuttled between Munnar and Top Station by 1924. A section of the museum also houses classic bungalow furniture and office equipment of the Colonial area in Kerala. Tea tasting across different varieties of tea is another attraction. A 2nd-century burial urn was discovered at the Periakanal tea estate; it is also displayed at the museum.

The museum set up at the Nallathanni Estate of Tata Tea in Munnar is a fitting tribute to the toils and rigours of its pioneers, who showed utmost determination and were resolute in their efforts to transform Munnar into a major plantation centre of Kerala.

Tea-Museum-in-Munnar

The Tata Tea Museum diligently portrays the growth of Munnar tea estates, veritably conveyed through some of the displays like the rudimentary tea roller to the modern fully automated tea factory. Visitors to the museum can satiate their curiosity on various stages of tea processing, and also learn a thing or two about the production of black tea.

tea museum munnar

Some of the attention grabbing items on display at the Tea museum include the original tea roller, the ‘Rotorvane,’ dating back to 1905, used for CTC type tea processing; the ‘Pelton Wheel’ used in the power generation plant that existed in the Kanniamallay estate in the 1920s; a rail engine wheel of the Kundala Valley Light Railway that shuttled men and material between Munnar and Top Station during the first half of the last century.

A section of the Tea museum also houses classic bungalow furniture, typewriters, wooden bathtub, magneto phone, iron oven, manual calculators and EPABX of the 1909 telephone system. A demonstration room for tea tasting is another attraction where one would come across different varieties of tea.

For a luxurious stay in Munnar visit Mountain Trail Resort.

 

Top Station and Echo Point in Munnar resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

Situated in the confluence of three mountain streams – Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala, Munnar is a most preferable destination in Kerala, which is crowded with visitors all around the year. There are lots of places to be explored in Munnar. Top Station and Echo Point are among the many attractive destinations in Munnar.

Top Station

Top Station Munnar

Top Station, located around 32 km away from Munnar, is the highest point (1700m) in Munnar, on the Munnar-Kodaikanal road. The place falls on the Kerala-Tamilnadu border. Here you can enjoy the panoramic view of Western Ghats and the valley of Theni district of Tamil Nadu.

Top Station got its name from the fact that it was the uppermost railway station located in the Kundala Valley. At this highest point, you may feel that the clouds are just a hand touch away from you. The destination is famous for the Neelakurinji flowers (Strobilanthus), which used to bloom once in twelve years. The bloom of these rare flowers will give the destination a different bluish look. The next flowering season of Neelakurinji is on 2018.

Top Station was a transshipment point for delivery of tea from Munnar to Bodinayakkanur. Top Station derived its name from its being the upper terminus of the Kottagudi Aerial Ropeway. It was also the location of the terminal railway station on the Kundala Valley Railway, built in 1902 between Munnar, Kundala and this low point in the crest of the hills above steep cliffs. A monorail goods carriage system was initially installed along this cart route. In 1908 the monorail was replaced by a 24 inch gauge railway. Kundala lake is 12 kilometers west from Top Station on the way from Munnar station. Some remains of Kundala Valley Railway can be seen at the Munnar Tea Museum.

Tea chests arriving at Top Station from the Kundala Valley were transported by a ropeway from Top Station 5 kilometers downhill to the south to Kottagudi, Tamil Nadu. The tea was then shipped 15 kilometers by cart to Bodinayakanur, then by rail to other places in India and ship to England. Remains of the ropeway station at Top Station are still visible. Elevation at top of Bodi ropeway was 1,911 meters (6,270 ft).

The best time to visit Top station is from April to May. This area is popular for the rare Neelakurinji flowers. The Kurinjimala Sanctuary is nearby. Top Station is the western entrance to the planned Palani Hills National Park.

Echo Point

Echo Point Munnar

This is a very beautiful place in Munnar, which got its name from natural echo phenomenon situated at a scenic lake bank. When you scream at here, you will be hearing your voice returning to you. Placed at an altitude about 600 ft, Echo Point is located 15 kilometers away from Munnar, on the way to Top Station.

Echo Point always has a greenish look as it is covered with abundant green sceneries. It is an adventurous destination, which will be a perfect choice for those who love to have a nature walk or trekking. The place surrounded with mist covered hills, waterfalls and clean air will be a visual treat.

For a luxurious stay in Munnar, visit Mountain Trail Resort

Neelakurinji and the Hills of Munnar resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

 

 

neelakurinji

Kerala is blessed with many natural spectacles and among them is a unique canvas that gets unveiled every twelve years in God’s Own Country.The phenomenon of once in twelve years occurring on the fabled hills of Munnar is attributed to the blooming of Neelakurinji

Kurinji or Neelakurinji (Strobilanthes kunthianus) is a shrub that is found in the shola forests of the Western Ghats in South India. Nilgiri Hills, which literally means the blue mountains, got their name from the purplish blue flowers of Neelakurinji that blossoms only once in 12 years. Of all long interval bloomers (or plietesials) Strobilanthes kunthianus is the most rigorously demonstrated, with documented bloomings in 1838, 1850, 1862, 1874, 1886, 1898, 1910, 1922, 1934, 1946, 1958, 1970,1982, 1994, and 2006. One could say this as a unique life cycle, and a phenomenon that makes the hills of Munnar a special place for biologists.

Neelakurinji

Revered by the local tribal community and admired by visitors to these enchanting hills, the blooming of Neelakurinji usually starts from August and would last up to October.Once in Munnar, you may locate the magical blooms of Neelakurinji at Kovilur, Kadavari, Rajamala, Iravikulam National Park, which is home to the endangered mountain ungulate- the ‘Nilgiri Tahr’ and at other places in and around Munnar. Nature lovers and travelers have already started heading for Munnar to savour in this once-in-twelve-year phenomenon.

It is an ethereal experience to stand amidst the sprawling blooms of Neelakurinji. The Neelakurinji plant shows variation in height according to the elevation of the land from the sea level. Usually shorter plants (about 2 ft) are found at the high elevations, while taller ones (about 5 to 10 ft) are seen at lower elevations.

nilgiri tahr in neelakurinji hills

Kurinji once used to cover the Nilgiri Hills and Palani Hills like a carpet during its flowering season. Now plantations and dwellings occupy much of their habitat. Besides the Western Ghats, Neelakurinji is also seen in the Shevroys in the Eastern Ghats, some parts of Idukki and sandur hills of Bellary district in Karnataka. In 2006, Neelakurunji flowered again in Kerala and Tamil Nadu after a gap of 12 years. Thereafter, the Strobilanthes cuspidatus species of Kurinji flowers were found blooming in 2016 in Udhagamandalam near a major road.

Kurinjimala Sanctuary protects the kurinji in approximately 32 km² core habitat in Kottakamboor and Vattavada villages in Idukki district of Kerala, The Save Kurinji Campaign Council organizes campaigns and, programs for conservation of the Kurinji plant and its habit. Kurinji Andavar temple located in Kodaikanal on Tamil Nadu dedicated to Hindu God Kartikeya also preserves Strobilanthes plants. The story of Karthikeya is nothing connected with Strobilanthes, it was a later addition[citation needed]. The God associated with Kurinji Malai or Strobilanthes hill is Kurinji Andavan, an ancient deity of tribes of Palni hills.

Top station munnar

Situated about 1600 mts above sea level, Munnar is well known for its vast expanse of tea plantations, cool weather, plantation bungalows and is blessed with a rich variety of flora and fauna. It is home to the majestic Nilgiri Tahr (Hemitragas hylocres), which is an endangered species. Over the year, good conservation methods helped it to thrive well in the Eravikulam National Park, located close to the town of Munnar. Close by is yet another attraction in the form of the Anamudi Peak, which is the tallest peak south of the Himalayas, and is an ideal spot for trekking. A visit to the Mattupetty reservoir and a boat ride in the adjoining lake is a delightful experience. Here, one may also visit the Indo-Swiss dairy farm, which houses some of the finest breeds of cows.

neelakurinji

Some other attractions in and around Munnar include some vantage viewpoints like the Top Station, which is the highest point on the Munnar-Kodaikanal rout; Marayoor, famous for its naturally existing sandalwood trees, Kundala, a picturesque town with a golf course maintained by the Tata Tea Company and the Pallivasal Hydroelectric project, which is the first such project in Kerala. Other nearby places of interest includes Echo Point, Chithirapuram, Anayirankal, Cheeyappara and Valara waterfalls.

For  a luxurious  stay in Munnar visit Mountain Trail Resort.

ERAVIKULAM NATIONAL PARK resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

Eravikulam National Park

Eravikulam national park is spread over an extensive area of 97 sq kilometer along the crest of Western Ghats in the high ranges of Idukki district. The national park is one of most important tourist destinations in Kerala, located 15 kilometer from Munnar. Eravikulam National Park is located in the High Ranges (Kannan Devan Hills) of the Southern Western Ghats in the Devikulam Taluk of Idukki District. It is administered by the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife, Munnar Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park, Pambadum Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary. Eravikulam National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Most of the areas of the national park are consistent hill plateau. So, we can see only high rolling slopes there. The highest peak is Anamudi (2690m). The forests we see there are commonly known as ‘shoals’ – evergreen tropical and sub tropical moist broadleaf forest. We can locate small streams here, which later merge to form tributaries to Periyar and Chalakudy rivers. Lakkom waterfalls are located in this region

Ervikulam National Park

The national park is divided into 3 areas – the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. In which, the Rajamalai is known to be the tourism area of the park. The tourists are allowed to travel deep into the forest to explore the hidden beauty of the environment around. Private vehicles are not allowed inside. Only few mini buses are operated inside in order to control the environment pollution. The trips are organized by the forest department.

The park has a rare collection of varieties of trees and shrubs. You can find here climax grasslands. Twenty six species of mammals have been recorded in the park including the largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr, estimated at about 750 individuals. The other ungulates are gaur, Indian muntjac and sambar deer. Golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard and tiger are the main predators. Some little-known animals such as Nilgiri langur, stripe-necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, Nilgiri marten, small clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and dusky palm squirrel are also found.

The Eravikulam National Park also has a rare collection of varieties of trees and shrubs. We can find grasslands here. Variety of orchids is one of the specialties of this park. About 120 species of birds like black and ornage flycatcher, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white bellied shortwing and Kerala laughing thrush can be spotted at Eravikulam National Park.

Devikulam Hill Station resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

Devikulam Hill Station

Devikulam is a small hill station located near Munnar in Kerala. This idyllic hill station situated about 8 km from Munnar, with its velvet lawns, exotic flora and fauna and the cool mountain air is a rare experience. Devikulam lies 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) above sea level.

The hill station got its name from the Sita Devi Lake in here.  The name Devikulam is a conjunction of the words Devi, from the goddess Devi and kulam, meaning pond.  According to legend, the goddess Sita Devi of the Ramayana epic bathed in the beautiful Devikulam lake waters surrounded by lush, green hills, now named Sita Devi Lake. The lake draws tourists not only because of its sacredness but also for the curative powers of its mineral waters. Most of the inhabitants in this town speak Malayalam and Tamil. Nearby, are the scenic Pallivasal Waterfalls, dense, green tea plantations, and the natural vegetation of slim red and blue and yellow gum trees.The Sita Devi Lake, here, with its mineral waters and picturesque surroundings is a good picnic spot.

People on vacation in world famous Munnar might not formerly aware of Devikulam as a hill station which is isolated but one glance around here and there is no doubt that the chilly in the air, greenery on the slopes, low hanging clouds over hills and the Sita Devi Lake surrounded by colors and vibrancy of Nature are to be cherished forever.

The village is very small, thus seem crowded in summers when locals take weekend trips to get immersed in the views of Nature as she resides here. Devikulam tour has many reasons; nearness to Munnar, the prominent ones are beauty of the place, legends and mythology associated with the place that tells about Goddess Sita bathing in the lake after which it is named since then, skin-ailments treating water of the lake and numerous opportunities to explore hills through trekking and hiking.

Tourist attractions in Devikulam

Sita Devi Lake – Mythology is there, but the reasons to visit the lake exceed what seems obvious. For that mystery, one has to be there to feel. Fishing is just an add-on.

Kundala Lake – For the lovers of boating, speed-boating and peddling the slower watercrafts can be enjoyed near Kundala Arch Dam, at 1700 m altitude.

kundala lake

Anayirankal Lake – Tea gardens, forests, and this somewhat hidden lake in which elephant cherish their moments of bonding.

anayirankal-lake.

Mangalam Devi Temple – On a hillock at 1337 m, one can locate this temple popular for the festival of Chitra Pournami. Participation in the festival is possible only after taking permission by Forest authorities.

Thoovanam falls – While enjoying the views of wildlife inside Chinnar Wildlife sanctuary, it is hard to miss this beautiful fall fed by River Pambar, where many animals and birds find their respite.

Thoovanam waterfall

Pallivasal falls- For leisurely time with friends and family spending Devikulam holidays, site around this fall considered best.

Keezharkuthu falls – Also referred to as Rainbow Falls in nearby Udumbannoor Village at 1500 m makes the beauty attract numerous tourists, falling from 200 ft. Adventure seekers can find some of the activities being organized.

Keezharkuthu falls

Kuthumkal falls – Reached by Devikulam as well as Rajakkad, this cascading cataract is enchanting in its appearance and well-known in popularity.

Eravikulam National Park – One of the most popular national parks of south, missing it is no way an option on this trip.

Eravikulam national park

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary – This one is the nearest protected area in Devikulam in which the views of wilderness could be admired without having to go much farther.

Idukki National Park – Idukki National Park is among popular tourist attractions of Devikulam. The natural reserve houses rarest species of migratory birds, animals and reptiles. There is an option with visitors to go for safari to explore the park and its inhabitants. Idukki Arch Dam in the vicinity gets flooded during months of September and October, during which park remains closed.

Brief History of Munnar resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

Brief history of Munnar

The Early Era

The name Munnar means three rivers (aaru). It is located at the convergence of three rivers named Madhurappuzha,Nallathanni and Kundali. The ancient history of Munnar is not very clear.The region is always densely forested because of the heavy rain fall it receives during the monsoon. Many rare species of flowers like neelakurinji and animals found here.

The history of Munnar has roots into the prehistoric period and to the stone ages, but the written history actually begins from 900 AD onwards. Tamilians in large numbers migrated to Munnar and nearby places during the war period of Pandia rulers. They crossed the woods and climbed up the steep hills with bundles on their backs and they got the name ‘Muthuvans’. There was no transport facility or even permanent paths and Munnar was an isolated forest area. The British came to this place to exploit the scope for agriculture.

It is believed that Munnar was occupied by the local Muthuvan tribes during the early days. They came here around 900 AD from Madurai due to some socio political issues there. Apart from them other tribal communities like Pallayers,kaders,kuruvas, and Ooralers are also lives here.

The High Ranges known as the Kanan Devan Hills, the name having been derived from a certain native chief, Kanan Thevar who had been a landlord in the Anchanaad Valley on the eastern side of the district. It is said that travellers from Madurai to the West Coast, who used to pass through his villages, had named these hills after him.

In 1790 coloner Arthur Wellesley and his trrops arrived in the kurumaly gap in Munnar to defend the trvancore from the invasion of Tipu Sultan of Mysore. He was the first recorded European to visit Munnar. As time passed merchants from various places visited Munnar. The merchants carried cloth to Munnar and took away betel nuts.

 Plantation Era

In 1870 the resident of the court of Travancore, John Daniel Munro visited Munnar to settle a border dispute between Travancore and madras. He found that the area is good for plantation farming, especially the Kannan-Devan hills. The area was under the control of Poonjar Royal family,who were the subordinates of Travancore Maharajah. So Munro visited the royal family and met the then head of the royal family Rohini Thirunal Kerala Varma Valiya Raja. Muro leased the land for 9 years for five thousand rupees.

In 1878 H G Turner and A W Turner came to Munnar on Munro’s invitation for a shooting expedition. The turners realized the potential of  plantation in Munnar they joined with Munro and formed the North Travancore Land Planting And Agricultural Society. Tamil workers were utilized and crops like coffe, cardomn, sisal were cultivated. But after some time the society faced problems and the land was sold out.

In 1880 A H Sharp introduced tea for the first time. Finaly Muir and company purchased the land started tea cultivation in 1893.In 1897  Kannan Devan Hills Produced Company was formed and tea plantation was widely established in the area.

In 1964 the TATA’s formed collaboration with the Finalys and in 1983 TATA group purchased all the shares and renamed the company to TATA Tea Ltd. Tourism sector also flourished in Munnar by this time. Today Munnar is one of the most sought after tourism location in India.

Eravikulam National Park resorts in munnar,resorts at munnar, honeymoon resorts munnar

Eravikulam national park

Eravikulam National Park is a 97 km2 national park located along the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala, it is the first national park in Kerala. It is an ideal place for seeing the biodiversity of high elevation shola-grassland ecosystem.

 

This is the the land of “Neelakurinji”, a flower which blooms once in 12 years. The Park is breathtakingly beautiful and is easily comparable to the best of mountain ranges in the Alps. With the highest peak south of the Himalayas – the Anamudi, located here, nature enthusiasts have ample opportunities for trekking expeditions and wildlife spotting.

Eravikulam national park

The park which is also known as Rajamalai National Park was a hunting preserve for the British planters and was owned by Rajamalai and Eravikulam during the Colonial rule and then was forked over to Kannan Deven Hills for tea plantation. Later the area was declared as sanctuary with an objective of protecting the indigenous population of Nilgiri Tahr, most endangered mountain goat when founded in the year 1975 and was then upgraded as the national park in 1978.

nilgiri tahr

Anamudi, the highest peak (2695 m) south of Himalayas, stands majestically in the core area of the national park. The slopes of the hills abound in many kinds of rare flora which include rare terrestrial and epiphytic orchids, and beautiful wild balsams. Important fauna here are the Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Langur, leopard, tiger, Indian bison, etc.

nilgiri tahr

The park holds the maximum viable population of the endangered Nilgiri Tahr including other little known fauna Nilgiri marten, ruddy mongoose, small clawed otter, dusky striped squirrel etc. Some of the other animals spotted here are Elephant, Nilgiri langur, Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri marten, small-clawed otter and a rare tiger or leopard and Nilgiri wood pigeon.Neelakurinji

The forests you see here are commonly known as ‘sholas’ – evergreen tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest. You can locate small streams here, which later merge to form tributaries to Periyar and Chalakudy rivers. Lakkom waterfalls are located in this region.

eravikulam national park,munnar

The national park is divided into three areas – the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. In which, the Rajamalai is known to be the tourism area of the park. Here, the tourists are allowed to travel deep into the forest to explore the hidden beauty of the environment around. Private vehicles are not allowed inside. Only few mini buses are allowed inside in order to control the pollution. The trips are organized by the forest department.